VICE-PRESIDENT OF INDIA RELEASES DELHI HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT-2013
- Created on Saturday, 31 August 2013 12:49
- VICE-PRESIDENT OF INDIA RELEASES DELHI HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT-2013; THE FIRST REPORT WAS RELEASED IN 2006
- THE PEOPLE SURVEYED GAVE A THUMPS UP TO LIVING IN DELHI; EXPRESSING THEIR SATISFACTION ABOUT MOST OF THE ASPECTS OF A LIFE IN THE CITY
- A MAJORITY OF RESPONDENTS WAS FOUND TO BE SATISFIED WITH THEIR CHILDREN’S EDUCATION
- THE REPORT HIGHLIGHTS THE NEED FOR INCREASED PEOPLE’S PARTICIPATION
- THE THEME OF THE REPORT-2013 IS “IMPROVING LIVES, PROMOTING INCLUSION”
- POVERTY IN DELHI HAS REDUCED CONSIDERABLY
- AN EXPANSION IN EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY
- DELHI HAS A GREAT WEALTH OF HUMAN RESOURCE WAITING TO BE HARNESSED FOR TAKING THE CITY AND THE COUNTRY TO HIGHER LEVEL OF PROSPERITY SAYS PROF. ANSARI
- THE REPORT WILL BE INSTRUMENTAL IN GUIDING SOCIAL MEASURES IN DELHI IN THE YEARS TO COME SAYS SMT. DIKSHIT
- DELHI A CITY OF ASPIRATIONS AND ACTS AS A MAGNET FOR PEOPLE FROM ALL OVER INDIA
- PER CAPITA INCOME GREW @ ABOUT 7% PER ANNUM AGAINST 3% FOR INDIA
- THE FEMALE WORKFORCE PARTICIPATION HAS RAISED FROM ITS LOW LEVEL BASE
- THE CITY PROVIDES HUGE OPPORTUNITIES FOR HIGHER EDUCATION
- A CONSISTENT IMPROVEMENT IN LIFE EXPECTANCY OVER THE LAST THREE DECADES ALONGWITH PUBLIC HEALTH FACILITIES
- THE GROUNDWATER RAPIDLY GETTING DEPLETED IN MOST OF THE DISTRICTS
- ELECTRICITY HAS NEARLY UNIVERSAL COVERAGE; POWER REFORMS YIELDED RESULTS WITH 24X7 POWER SUPPLY
- PEOPLE OPT FOR BUSES BECAUSE OF THEIR AFFORDABILITY
- REPORT STRESSES UPON THE NEED TO EXPEDITE IMPLEMENTATION OF YAMUNA ACTION PLAN
- THE DMRC LEADS IN SATISFACTION RATING FOLLOWED BY ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION COMPANIES AND THE DTC
- TO BECOME A WORLD-CLASS CITY, DELHI MAKING EFFORTS TO MAKE AVAILABLE THE BENEFITS OF PROSPERITY TO THE LESS PRIVILEGED SO AS TO MAKE IT MORE INCLUSIVE
- THE REPORT FOCUSSES ON REDUCING INEQUALITIES ENSURING UNIVERSAL COVERAGE FOR BASIC HEALTH AND INFRASTRUCTURAL SERVICES AND ENSURING A SAFE ENVIRONMENT FOR VULNERABLE GROUPS
Hon’ble Vice-President of India Prof. M. Hamid Ansari today released the second Human Development Report for Delhi titled “Improving Lives, Promoting Inclusion” in a function organized at the Teen Murti Auditorium, New Delhi. The Report is another milestone achievement after the 1st HD Report for Delhi released in 2006. Speaking on this occasion, Prof. Ansari stated that Delhi has made considerably progress, both in terms of economic and social development, over the years under the leadership of the Chief Minister Smt. Sheila Dikshit. It is time to take stock of progress since then. He added that Delhi has a great wealth of human resource waiting to be harnessed for taking the city and the country to the higher level of prosperity. On this occasion, Smt. Dikshit stated that the Report will be instrumental in guiding social measures in Delhi in the years to come. She further stated that Delhi ranked second in terms of Human Development index in 2011. The city-state is highly placed vis-a-vis other states in India in terms of the indicators involving per capita income and education. The current report finds an improvement in the lives of the citizens of Delhi since the last assessment made in 2006. Delhi Ministers,MLAs, Chief Secretary Shri D.M. Spolia, Principal Secretaries/Secretaries and other eminent persons were present at the function.
The Report analyses issues regarding the status of Human Development in Delhi from two perspectives: first, the objective facts on the ground; and second, people’s perception regarding these. The Report is based on a survey of about 8000 households conducted by Institute of Human Development to know what the citizens think and perceive of their lives and about city of Delhi. The Report also focuses on the ground realities and assesses the progress that has been made in bridging the gaps.
The people surveyed gave a thumps up to living in Delhi expressing their satisfaction about the most of the aspects of a life in the city. Delhi now has near-universal electrification. Poverty levels have been reduced substantially in recent years. Further, high economic growth has been sustained in the face of a nation-wide and worldwide slump. The employment situation has improved. Access to most of the basic services and means of transport has also considerably improved. Schooling and higher education opportunities have expanded considerably while people have been found to show an overwhelming preference for public provisioning of health facilities. Delhi one of the most important hubs of trade, commerce and hospitality, and a centre for the Union Government, this Capital city draws a large number of people from all over the country, seeking to improve their lives. It is also a city of aspirations and acts as a magnet for people from all over the country. The high growth rate of per capita income has defied the downward trend at the All India level. The estimated poverty rates have also seen a significant decline in recent times. The city’s per capita income grew @ about 7% per annum, enabling it to become the richest state in the country. The figure at National level was around 3%. The sustained growth in per capita income resulted in reduction in poverty from 13% in 2004-05 to 9.9% in 2011-12. The tightening of labour market has contributed to the lowering of poverty.
The female workforce participation has somewhat risen from its low base level. Around one-third of the respondents perceived that work opportunity in Delhi has improved over the last three years. The female workforce participation was less than 9% in 1999-2000, increased to over 11% by 2011-12. The earnings of regular workers have shown an increase of 5% annually. On the basis of the most educational indicators, Delhi is ahead of the rest of India. The city provides huge opportunities for higher education as evidenced by the inflow of a large number of students from other states. Delhi’s literacy rate at around 86% is much higher than All India level. The share of people with higher educational qualification is as high as 17% against All India level of 7%. The perceptions survey reports that nearly 70% of illiterate population was concentrated in JJ clusters, unauthorized colonies, resettlement colonies and urban villages.
There has been a consistent improvement in life expectancy over the last three decades alongwith the improvement in public health facilities. The reach of primary healthcare facilities has expanded tremendously and the people have also shown a clear preference and growing reliance for publically provided healthcare facilities. Significant efforts have also been made in facilitating equitable access to essential medicines distributed through primary and secondary facilities. The provisioning of basic services in Delhi has greatly improved during the last 10 years. Despite the burgeoning population and the added pressure in migration, Delhi has witnessed an overall improvement in housing between 2001 and 2011, with the housing shortage declining from around 2.5 lakh to 1.5 lakh. The quality of houses has also improved and ownership of homes is high. During the course of the study people living in rented houses were found to be largely satisfied with their housing and a fair proportion of them were upbeat about the future outlook in terms of buying houses. The Government’s initiative to make Delhi a slum-free city through Construction of EWS houses under JNNURM, contributed to a more positive outlook on the state of housing and shelter in the city. With over 80% of the households receiving water within their premises, Delhi has performed well vis-a-vis other Metros in providing this vital amenity to its citizens. The groundwater is rapidly getting depleted in most of the districts. The perceptions survey reveals that settlement-wise disparities exist in terms of availability of water.
Electricity has nearly universal coverage, 99% of the households in Delhi. The findings of the perceptions survey reveal that almost 80% of the respondents rated power supply in city as better. Reforms in the power sector have yielded results with the supply of power greatly improving post 2002. The power supply in the slums is found to be at par with rest of Delhi. The Survey quite accurately finds that the transport scenario in Delhi is dominated by public modes of transport such as buses and Metro. The distribution of road space of lopsided with personalized vehicles accounting for the main share of vehicular traffic, indicating a need for increase attention to public transport. People opt for buses because of their affordability, coverage and safety aspects. The Metro was widely held as a welcome addition to Delhi’s transport landscape. More than 58% of the respondents’ finding that condition of the streetlight as good. The inner roads were not paved and streetlights were often not functional in the poorer settlement.
The Report reveals that the prevalence of a high degree of informalisation of employment has increased the vulnerability of majority of workers resulting poor working condition. Delhi is lagging behind the other Metros in respect of early childhood mortality. The survey reveals that less than 1/3rd of the respondents rated personal safety in Delhi good or very good. The Report stresses upon the need to expedite the Yamuna Action Plan.
The perceptions survey reveals that the citizens of Delhi are satisfied with the quality of life they lead, as assessed on the basis of critical indicators like employment, education and healthcare as well as personal attributes. Even among the lower income group, 64% of the households reported been satisfied with the quality of life. A huge proportion of the respondents, 90% were found to be satisfied with their children’s education and satisfaction increased with rising level of income. Educational opportunities for technical/professional were also rated high, with 80% of the respondents finding these to be above average. The survey pertained to people’s rating of interaction with personnel from different government departments states the highest rating coming from the DMRC followed by three electricity distribution companies, DTC, DJB, Delhi Traffic Police, the municipal corporations and the lastly the Delhi Police. The Report states that many challenges are still to be met to become global, inclusive city. There is a need to focus on reducing inequality through universalisation of social security, economic enhancement of women and improvement in the quality of services for achieving greater progress on the Human Development front. Equitable distribution and access to resources in all aspects of life- such as housing, water and toilets, among others need further improvement. Ensuring public safety for all citizens and promoting environmental safety, both are relevant for all sections of society. Building an equitable world-class city require innovative measures which are supported by people’s participation, the efficient functioning of public institutions, as well as good governance. If the aspirations of Delhi to become a world-class city have to be fulfilled, the challenge of making the benefits of prosperity available to the less privileged and to make it more inclusive must be met.